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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Paola is located at Talos Dome (72° 49′ 45″ S - 159° 11′ 36″ E) at 2370 m a.s.l., and has been installed on the 26 january 2003. It acquired, every hour, all year round, the meteorological vaiables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure and relative humidity, plus snow height acquired as daily averages.

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    The aim of the MAss LOst in wind fluX (MALOX) project is to better understand the phenomenon of snow transport over a coastal area characterized by strong winds. MALOX relies on a multi-disciplinary approach based on both in situ and remote sensing measurements. Satellite data (MODIS, CALIPSO) analysis will provide spatial and vertical extension of the transport phenomenon. In situ microphysical, thermodynamic, and radiative observations will be aimed at determining the surface and column integrated water content, and characterizing the wind flux at local scale during the summer. Observations will be carried out also during the winter period to observe stronger transport events and to create a complete dataset which will provide a qualitative estimate of the mass loss due to blowing snow sublimation through the difference between the water content measured at two sites along the main wind path on steep slopes, one upstream of the convergence zone of the katabatic flux (Larsen Glacier, LS, 74°57'S 161°46'E) and the other downstream, near the coast (Inexpressible Island, InS, 74°56’S 163°41’E).

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    The project aims to carry out a climatological analysis of the dynamics and structure of the Antarctic polar stratospheric vortex over the last decade 1993-2003 and its relationship with the 'Ozone (O3) hole' phenomenon. In particular will be evaluated all the data from the ground, gained by balloon and by satellite, a high resolution transport model and a GCM model will be used for the climatic characterization of the dynamics of the vortex and its interactions with the polar troposphere and mid-latitudes, and finally a climatology of aerosols and PSCs will be analyzed during the polar winter.

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Irene is located at Sitry on the antarctic plateau (71° 39′ 9″ S - 148° 39′ 20″ E) at 2094 m a.s.l., and has been installed on the 3 Decmber 2001, and has been removed 24 November 2016. It acquired, all year round, the meteorological variables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure, relative humidity and solar radiation. The aws also monitored daily avarages of snow height.

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Sofia is located at Nansen ice sheet (74° 49′ 0″ S - 163° 14′ 0″ E) at 40 m a.s.l., and has been installed on the 11 november 1987, and has been removed 1 november 2002. It acquired, all year round, the meteorological variables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure and relative humidit.

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Sofiab is located at David Glacier (75° 36′ 42″ S - 158° 35′ 26″ E) at 1552 m a.s.l., and has been installed on the 28 november 2002. It acquired, every hour, all year round, the meteorological vaiables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure and relative humidity.

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Rita is located at Enigma Lake (74° 43′ 30″ S - 164° 1′ 59″ E) at 268 m a.s.l., and has been installed on the 5 january 1993. It acquired, every hour, all year round, the meteorological vaiables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure and relative humidity.

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Modesta is located on the Priestley Nèvè (74° 37′ 35″ S - 164° 0′ 40″ E) at 1924 m a.s.l., and has been installed on the 1 February 1989. It acquired, every hour, all year round, the meteorological vaiables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure and relative humidity, plus snow height acquired as daily averages.

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Giulia is located at Mid Point (75° 32′ 10″ S - 145° 51′ 32″ E) at 2510 m of altitude, and has been installed on the 14 novembre 1998. It acquired, all year round, the meteorological vaiables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure, relative humidity and snow height (daily averages).

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    Systematic meteorological observations on the ground and at altitude have been carried out in Concordia station since 2005. Currently, an automatic weather station (AWS Concordia) and a radiosonde system (DomeC) operate continuously all year round. In addition to the standard parameters (temperature, pressure, relative humidity, wind intensity and direction), the AWS integrates an additional sensor (sonic) for measuring the wind. AWS data are transmitted in real time via radio modem and via the Argos system for local storage and display on the intranet and base station. The meteorological data of the AWS and the radiosonde, as well as by the scientific community, are used for local forecasts and for the planning of flight. The transmission of meteorological messages on the international WMO-GTS circuit allows their assimilation into the models, contributing to the improvement of their performances. The acquired meteorological data contribute to the Basic Synoptic Network (WMO) and to the SCAR database (Met-READER). This proposal intends to continue the collection of data for the historical series, for weather-climatic monitoring and to support scientific and operational activities taking place at the base.