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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station Alessandra is located in Cape King (73° 35′ 10″ S - 166° 37′ 16″ E) at 160 m of altitude, where has been installed on the 1st February 1987. It acquired, all year round, the meteorological variables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure, relative humidity and solar radiation.

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    Monitoring of climate data in the area of the Concordia station, at Dome C, from the XXXIV Antarctic campaign using radiosonde system (RDS) DOMEC. The climate parameters monitored are: Height (gps position), Pressure, Temperature, Humidity, Velocity of wind, Direction of the wind. The data are obtained doing upper-air measurements. Data are collected every day at 12UTC, all year round. The DOMEC is active since 2006-01-19. The RDS (VAISALA RS92) is launched into the atmosphere coupled to a balloon inflated with helium. The sonde rises with a speed of about 2-5 m / s up to a height of between 20 and 25 km. During the ascent all the parameters are acquired. The data obtained are coded both in a digital format (BUFR) and in text format and entered into the global network (GTS) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Maria is located on the Mount Browning (74° 37′ 35″ S - 164° 0′ 40″ E) at 355 m a.s.l., and has been installed on the 1 November 1997. It acquired, every hour, all year round, the meteorological vaiables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure and relative humidity.

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    Systematic meteorological observations on the ground and at altitude have been carried out in Concordia station since 2005. Currently, an automatic weather station (AWS Concordia) and a radiosonde system (DomeC) operate continuously all year round. In addition to the standard parameters (temperature, pressure, relative humidity, wind intensity and direction), the AWS integrates an additional sensor (sonic) for measuring the wind. AWS data are transmitted in real time via radio modem and via the Argos system for local storage and display on the intranet and base station. The meteorological data of the AWS and the radiosonde, as well as by the scientific community, are used for local forecasts and for the planning of flight. The transmission of meteorological messages on the international WMO-GTS circuit allows their assimilation into the models, contributing to the improvement of their performances. The acquired meteorological data contribute to the Basic Synoptic Network (WMO) and to the SCAR database (Met-READER). This proposal intends to continue the collection of data for the historical series, for weather-climatic monitoring and to support scientific and operational activities taking place at the base.

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Irene is located at Sitry on the antarctic plateau (71° 39′ 9″ S - 148° 39′ 20″ E) at 2094 m a.s.l., and has been installed on the 3 Decmber 2001, and has been removed 24 November 2016. It acquired, all year round, the meteorological variables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure, relative humidity and solar radiation. The aws also monitored daily avarages of snow height.

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    The aim of the MAss LOst in wind fluX (MALOX) project is to better understand the phenomenon of snow transport over a coastal area characterized by strong winds. The automatic weather station AWS Lucia purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The AWS is located at Larsen Glacier, (74° 57′ 2″ S - 161° 46′ 19″ E) at 1350 m a.s.l., and has been installed the 25 january 2007. It acquires, every minute, all year round, the meteorological variables by two sensors for wind velocity and wind direction, two sensors for temperature (at 1 and 3 meters) and for relative humidity, and finally one for atmospheric pressure. Moreover, the AWS acquires further data using radiation sensor (longwave and shortwave), driftometer for the snow transport and height snow sensor.

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Eneide is located at Mario Zucchelli Station in Terra Nova Bay (74° 41′ 45″ S - 164° 5′ 32″ E) at 91 m of altitude, and has been installed on the 7 January 1987. The meteorological parameters monitored are: temperature, pressure, relative humidity, wind speed and direction, and solar radiation. Standard surface measurements. This data collection is carry out every hour and every minute, only during the season of opening station.

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    Systematic meteorological observations on the ground and at high altitudes have been carried out in the Mario Zucchelli station (MZS) and Terra Vittoria (TV) since 1987. To date, 15 automatic meteorological stations (AWS) are in operation all year round and, only in summer, a radio sound system, a celiometer for measuring the base of the clouds, a "sky camera" and a rain gauge. Some AWS, besides the standard parameters (temperature, pressure, relative humidity, wind intensity and direction) integrate sensors for radiation overall, the accumulation of snow. Most AWS transmit data in real time via radio modem or iridium to MZS during the summer, and throughout the year via the Argos satellite system. In addition to the scientific community, the data are used for local forecasts and for the planning of flight activities. The transmission of meteorological messages on the international WMO-GTS circuit allows their assimilation into the models, contributing to the improvement of their performances. The acquired data contribute to the Basic Synoptic Network (WMO) and to the SCAR database (Met-READER). This proposal intends to continue data collection for the historical series (up to 28 years of data), for weather-climatic monitoring and as support for scientific and operational activities.

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    The project aims to determine the mass balance components in the Dome C drainage area and to study and monitor local glaciers in Victoria Land. The goal is to define the mass balance of the ice cap through the analysis of its altimetric variation with satellite systems and through the determination of the values of the positive (snow accumulation) and negative (flow of glaciers to the anchor line) components of the balance mass. Trought the study of the snow cores (collected as part of the ITASE project (XVII/XVIII expedition)), was determined the annual stratigraphy and evaluated the snow accumulation, the isotopic temperature and the chemical composition of the snow cores. Moreover analysis of geophysical data (GPR, GPS, RES, spectroradiometry) and remote sensing data were carried out for the study of the variability of snow accumulation, of the dynamics of the ice cap and of the flow of glaciers to the anchor line.

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    The Observatory main purpose is to contribute to the monitoring of global climate change monitoring standard meteorological parameters. The automatic weather station AWS Rita is located at Enigma Lake (74° 43′ 30″ S - 164° 1′ 59″ E) at 268 m a.s.l., and has been installed on the 5 january 1993. It acquired, every hour, all year round, the meteorological vaiables of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature, pressure and relative humidity.